What factor do you think contributes the most to the rise and fall of civilizations? Is it war? the economy? Maybe its disease?Well, those are all wrong.The largest contributing factor that has determined which countries are superpowers, and which countries fade into darkness, is the access to Water.And this is something that most people may not think about, as nowadays…you simply turn on a tap, and water comes out. But how it gets to your tap in the first place, is one of the best indicators in determining the success of a country. And in fact, we might be seeing the creation of some water empires, right before our very eyes.

你認為什么因素對文明的興衰起著最大的作用?是戰爭還是經濟?也許是疾病?這些都是錯的。決定哪些國家是超級大國,哪些國家會陷入黑暗的最大因素在于水的獲取。這是大多數人可能不會想到的事情,就像現在,你只要打開水龍頭,水就出來了。但是,它最初是如何進入你的水龍頭的,是決定一個國家成功的最佳指標之一。事實上,就在我們眼前,我們可能會看到一些水資源帝國的建立。

Why are cities located where they are? Some factors that determined where people settled in the past were things like access to trade routes, nearby valuable resources, and the fertility of the land.But by far the biggest factor was the proximity of the city to a freshwater source. That is why today roughly 90% of the worlds population lives within 10 kilometres of a freshwater source. Even if many of those water sources are running dry. But we will get to that in a second.Right now the 18 largest cities in Europe are located on or near a major water source.And this same pattern has been shown throughout most of history.

為什么城市會坐落在它們所在的地方?一些因素決定了人們過去定居的地方,比如貿易路線,附近寶貴的資源,以及土地的肥沃程度。但到目前為止,最大的因素是這座城市靠近淡水水源。這就是為什么今天世界上大約90%的人口生活在淡水資源10公里以內的原因。即使許多水源正在枯竭。我們馬上就會講到?,F在歐洲18個最大的城市都位于或靠近一個主要的水源。同樣的模式在歷史的大部分時間里都有出現。